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Canton de Hampden invites you to revive the forgotten history of the township

A brief history of
Le Canton de Hampden

The name of Hampden for our township appeared on maps in the last decade of the 1700's even though the territory had not yet been surveyed.

The Scots, from the «Highland Clearances» came here in 1845 from the Western Isles and Highlands of Scotland.  In the beginning, settlement was primarily occupied by squatters as there were no official records of land concessions.  They were for the most part from the town of Stornoway, located on the north part of the Isle of Lewis in the Hebridean Islands.

They used debris, planks and nails, from the abandoned houses of the village of Victoria (established on the shores of the Rivière-au-Saumon, near Scotstown, the small village was inundated each time the river was swelling, nothing is left of that village today).  At this time, Hampden was occupied by a population of 23 Scottish families.

In 1860, the territory of the township was surveyed and built and Hampden was officially appointed as on the 10th of June 1867 and on the 1st of January 1874, it became a town municipality.

The name Hampden comes from the first family to settle in the township. They owned the concession of Hampden, Buckinghamshire, in England.  The lineage of the family ended in 1824 after John Hampden died without an heir.

The beginnings of colonization had been more difficult than expected for the first settlers who believed in the generosity of the agents of colonization. The land was not as arable as had been suggested. Part of the township land was discovered to contain granite rock which made the land very difficult to plough.  The same applied to the swampy area (BOG) on the Chemin de Franceville that was found to be an ideal location for waterfowl and for the nesting grounds of rare birds in addition to being the natural habitat of aquatic species. This has even been kept as a wildlife preservation area.

However the township's territory is well suited for logging and has been exploited for the wood by the Glasgow Canadian Company.  In 1891, there were even fifty sawmills in the township, employing more than 500 people at that time.  That development has been possible because of the various rivers of the district and their natural waterfalls.

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Canton de Hampden invites you to revive the forgotten history of the township

The history of the township interests you?

You possess some old photos of historic buildings that don't exist anymore?
Or some writings related to the past
(true and testable if possible) of our township that have been forgotten?
You would like to share them with others who are also interested in the history of the township?

What you will share with us will be used
  to assemble an historic booklet on the Canton de Hampden.

Come to the municipal office with the photos and/or writtings you possess about the township history
and we will make copies so you can keep your originals.  If you already scanned them in digital format,
you can send them directly by email.  The writtings can also be sent by fax

Click here to get our address, email, phone and fax numbers 

We are eager to discover your treasures of forgotten history!

Here's an example of what we're looking for :
The Pont Scotstown that was located on the chemin du 4 milles and passed over the Rivière-au-saumon.

Souvenir du Pont Scotstown
(found on the web page : http://www.pontscouverts.com/Pontscouverts2/Scotstown.html )

To complete this page
of history
. . .

Here is a list of the Mayors,  from 1889 until today
E.M. McKay
~ 1889
C.H. Parker ~ 1889 to 1892
D.D. Mclnness ~ 1892 to 1893
Thomas Muir ~ 1893 to 1894
J.D. Morrison ~ 1894 to 1897
Kenneth Smith ~ 1897 to 1900
Allen A. Morrison ~ 1900 to 1907
John D Graham ~ 1907 to 1915
J. D. Graham ~ 1916 to 1917
John M. MacDonald
~ 1917 to 1935
J. D. Smith ~ 1936 to 1939
J.C. Morrison ~ 1939 to 1944
Albert McLeod ~ 1944 to 1947
P.A. Sherman ~ 1947 to 1957
Hervé Duperron ~ 1957 to 1959
Émile Laprise ~ 1959
Rosario Robert ~ 1959 to 1960
Léonidas Charest ~ 1960 to 1963
Fernand Gilbert ~ 1963 to 1968
Antonio Guillette ~ 1968 to 1972
Emmanuel Prévost ~ 1972 to 2004
Normand Côté ~ 2005 to 2009
Bertrand Prévost ~ 2009 to ......

Coat of arms The Coat of Arms of

Canton de Hampden
Heraldic description
(in french only)

Explanation in current language
(in french only)
D'azur au sautoir d'argent l'écu principal possède un fond de couleur bleue avec sur le devant, une croix en «X» de couleur blanche, qui représente la «Croix de Saint-André», patron de l'Écosse, patrie d'où sont originaires les fondateurs du canton du Hampden
chargé de quatre
billettes de sinople
chaque branche de la croix blanche porte sur le devant un rectangle de couleur verte représentant des billes de bois en héraldisme qui symbolisent l'industrie de la forêt
cantonné à dextre
d'une fleur de lys d'or
fleur de lys jaune qui occupe l'espace du côté droit - en fait, à gauche pour celui qui regarde l'écu - mais en héraldisme, la gauche et la droite se signale selon la vision du porteur de l'écu qui est en fait son bouclier, le lys représente la relève effectuée par les Canadiens-français au développement du canton
sur le tout d'argent
sautoir de gueules
écusson placé au milieu de principal, au fond blanc avec une croix rouge
cantonné de quatre
aigles d'azur
placés dans les espaces libérés de la croix, quatre aigles de couleur bleue, reprenant l'écu de la famille Hampden, propriétaire de la concession de Hampden, Buckinghamshire, en Angleterre
sur le tout du tout un écusson au-dessus d'un autre écusson
d'or à la lettre «V» aux
pointes cloutées de sable
au fond jaune chargé de la lettre «V» de couleur noire et aux bouts en forme de clous.  Cet écusson au centre de l'écu marque les origines de la colonisation dans le canton par l'établissement de Victoria en 1836, d'où le «V», colonisation qui a avorté deux ans après.  Les bouts en têtes de clous symbolisent la légende voulant que les colons qui vinrent une dizaine d'années par après se servirent des planches et des clous des maisons abandonnées de Victoria pour en construire de nouvelles
d'une champagne d'argent
semée d'herbe de sinople
la partie inférieure de l'écu de couleur blanche et qui porte des touffes d'herbe de couleur verte
chargée d'une fasce ondée d'azur d'une barre horizontale ondulée de couleur bleue symbolisant la rivière au Saumon
chargée d'un saumon d'argent sur la champagne, un saumon de couleur blanche, ce qui symbolise l'environnement marécageux d'une partie du canton qui doit être sauvegardé comme élément de patrimoine faunique et environnemental selon l'aménagement du territoire de la municipalité.
Ornements extérieurs
L'écu est soutenu entouré
de deux rinceaux branches
de feuilles d'érable de sinople de couleur verte
et accompagné d'un
listel de gueules
ruban de couleur rouge
portant l'écriture:
«Canton de Hampden,
1er janvier 1874»
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